Nearly half of Africa’s one thousand museums are situated in South Africa.
They range from museums of geology, natural history, archaeology, history and art to those of mining and agriculture.
The oldest is the South African Museum in Cape Town, noted for its collection of Bushmen rock art and natural history exhibits.
The Transvaal Museum in Pretoria, famous for its skull of Master Ples, depicts the development of life in southern Africa.
North of Johannesburg are the famous Sterkfontein Caves, where a 3.5 million year old skeleton was discovered in 1998. At the Big Hole in Kimberley, visitors can view the largest excavation ever made with pick and shovel.